Take the following measures:
- walk, cycle or take public transport
- encourage employees to do the same with a workplace travel plan
- arrange video conferences instead of face-to-face business meetings
Switch to electric or low emissions vehicles
Electric vehicles (EVs)
There is a growing range of zero or low emission EVs you can buy, rent or lease. Compared to petrol and diesel vehicles they have lower running and repair bills.
Government discounts are available to reduce upfront costs. You can also get a government grant for installing EV charge points at your home or workplace.
Find out more about electric vehicles.
Low emissions petrol or diesel vehicles
If switching to electric vehicles is not an option, choose petrol or diesel vehicles with lower emissions. Generally, the smaller and newer the vehicle, the less emissions it will produce.
Find information about running costs, fuel efficiency and emissions per car model.
- diesel engines produce less carbon emissions and are more efficient for longer journeys and motorway driving
- petrol engines produce less all-round emissions and are more efficient for shorter journeys and urban driving
Alternative fuel vehicles
Vehicles are also available which run on:
- solar power
- biofuels such as ethanol or biodiesel
Use vehicles more efficiently
You can benefit from using vehicles in a safer, more fuel-efficient way. Take the following measures:
- keep tyres correctly inflated
- check and service vehicles regularly
- only use heating, air conditioning or mobile charging when strictly needed
- drive more mindfully – anticipate what is ahead, go easy on brakes and acceleration
- use fuel efficiently – driving at 50-60 mph produces less emissions than driving at 70-80mph
- use GPS tracking software – to monitor and improve driver efficiency
This will help you:
- cut fuel bills and improve MPG (miles per gallon)
- reduce wear, tear and accidents
- get lower insurance premiums
Train your drivers
You can train drivers to operate more efficiently. Find a driver training supplier near you.
Plan your routes
If you deliver products or services, effective route-planning can save you fuel and money:
- avoid heavy traffic and peak travel times
- optimise transport routes to reduce mileage
- combine multiple shorter journeys into one long journey
Freight – use rail or water
Road freight carried in trucks is responsible for over a quarter of all transport emissions. Transporting freight by rail or water reduces the impact.
Grant funding is available to cover additional operational costs:
- Mode Shift Revenue Support (MSRS) for rail and inland waterways
- Waterborne Freight Grant (WFG) for coastal and short sea shipping
Make your vehicles more aerodynamic
If you use trucks, they can be fitted with the following aerodynamic devices to reduce drag and improve performance:
- a cab top deflector
- cab rear sidewings
- chassis sideskirts
- vortex generators
Greener supply chain
Check how green your suppliers are by requesting information about their environmental policies. Use local businesses where possible.
Find out more information about greener supply chains.
Advantages of taking measures to reduce transport impact:
- savings on fuel
- improved efficiency in operations
- increased consumer and investor confidence in your brand
- being more attractive to buyers as they seek a greener supply chain
- preparation for future laws and regulations
- attract and retain employees who care about the environment
Taxes and discounts
By using electric or low emissions vehicles you will receive exemption from:
- London city centre daily congestion charge (£15) and ULEZ charge (£12.50 to £100)
- London area daily LEZ charge (£100 to £300)
- LEZ charges in other UK cities
- annual vehicle tax
- parking fees in some towns and cities
What’s coming next
As part of the UK’s net zero strategy, more low emission zones will be introduced in cities throughout 2021.
The sale of all new petrol or diesel cars will end in 2030, leading manufacturers to invest more in the production and improvement of EVs. Battery range and charging efficiency are expected to increase over time.
Emissions from long-distance road freight (large trucks), aviation and shipping will be more difficult to eliminate. The potential for battery electricity to run planes, ships and large trucks is limited by the range and power required.
However, hydrogen fuel-cell technology is being developed for use in heavy-duty vehicles. The UK’s first hydrogen-fueled train was also introduced in September 2020.